Assisi is not only the birthplace and home of St. Francis and St. Clare, it is a popular vacation spot for Europeans. Assisi has its origins as early as 1000 B.C.. However, it was the Romans who built the terraced city on Mount Subasio after they took control in 295 B.C..
St. Francis (1182-1226) was the founder of the Friars Minor (now known as the Franciscans). With St. Clare as the first member, he also founded the Poor Clare Nuns. Francis called his followers to a life of simplicity, poverty and humility before God. He also taught a strong respect and appreciation for nature since he knew this would lead to God.